World Down Syndrome Day 2016: What is Down Syndrome?

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A person who is a down syndrome has these features:

  • An upward slant to the eyes
  • Low muscle tone
  • Deep (single) crease to the center of the palm
  • Small stature

Although they are actually unique individually, it is easy to identify a Down syndrome person according to their physical appearance. 1 in every 691 babies in the United States is a Down syndrome baby. Every year, there are 6000 babies who are Down syndrome in the United States alone. This is a special post for World Syndrome Day 2016 #WDSD.
world down syndromeA normal person carries 23 pairs of chromosomes in their nucleus. But when there are partially or a full extra copy of chromosome 21, Down syndrome can occur for that individual. Until now, there is no scientific evidence that Down syndrome is caused by the parent’s activities before the pregnancy or after the pregnancy. There is also no evidence that it is caused by environmental factors. It is a genetic condition and one-third of the cases is actually carrying the translocated chromosome.

How to deal: When you’re Pregnant with a Down Syndrome Baby?
Pregnant with a Down Syndrome BabyYou can have a test to know if your baby is healthy or if it has Down syndrome. The tests are not giving you the accurate answer since it just provides you with the probability. The diagnostic test is the only test that can give you the almost 100% accuracy about the Down syndrome status. If the baby is identified with Down syndrome, you will be assisted with a specialist to give you advice about nutrition, prenatal and postnatal care. You will be provided with a lot of information especially the specific needs of a Down syndrome baby.

How to deal: A Down Syndrome Kid
Down Syndrome KidFor the parents who have a Down syndrome kid, you can register your child to the Transition Plan that available in your country. This plan is dedicated to train and prepare the kids for life after school. The parents know what is best for their child, and this plan is actually the side booster to develop the skills to prepare the kids for their future.

The plan is focusing with their skills development such as their ability of self-assessment and knowledge of their legal rights. The parents could introduce these general skills to their kids at an early age. By registering them to this plan, they will be exposed to some specific skills to strengthen their development and discover new skills for their future. The skills are such as vocational skills, domestic skills, social and personal skills, and also other useful skills.

How to deal: As a Down Syndrome adult
Down Syndrome adultAs a teenager, a Down syndrome individual has to identify what he/she field of interest or experts is. By identifying their interest, they can plan their next step especially after leaving high school. Just like other high school graduate students, they can enter any college or universities. By focus to the field of interest, they can develop their skills and talents to move to the next level.

They have no problem to live on their own. Therefore, they can live in their own home and not living with the parents. Individuals who enrolled in college or postsecondary education program may reside in their own dormitory with the other students. In certain country, they can choose to live in group, which they are eligible to receive 24 hours support service.

A Down syndrome individual usually gets the supported employment. They have their own job coach at work for a full-time period at first. After some time, the job coach only monitoring the Down syndrome employee periodically. No matter what type of the jobs that someone is pursuing, an appropriate support service is needed to ensure them to work as normal as they can. There are also laws and organizations that provide the Down syndrome community in defining their employment goals and their rights to have a proper aid to help them to work successfully.

How to deal: Helping A Down Syndrome Person
Helping A Down Syndrome PersonDue to the modern and ongoing research about Down syndrome medication, the individuals with Down syndrome can live even longer. In 1910, a Down syndrome only estimated to live until 9 year old. Now, they can live more than 60 years.

People are interacting with Down syndrome individual conveniently today because the Down syndrome individuals do live normally like other people. They do have family, married, jobs, kids and they are able to live like a normal person does.

The only concern is they have to plan their life after graduating from high school. Having that in their mind, they are always looking forward to the future and ready for any possibilities and changes. Some of countries are providing supportive organizations, training classes, and life planning tutorial for the Down syndrome community. This is an effort to support the Down syndrome community and motivates them to live normally.


This article is for educative purposes only and not to be substituted for professional medical advice.


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