Diarrhea is a kind of digestive disorders which commonly occurs in a lot of people. It is described by symptoms such as watery stools, and loose. It occurs in the maximum of three days. In some more serious cases, diarrhea could turn to be chronic and usually lasts for more than a month.
Diarrhea and Its Symptoms:
Typically, the disorder is characterized by symptoms, such as bloating, urgency, cramping, nausea, abdominal pain, frequent loose mucus, and watery stools.
In most cases in adults, temporary diarrhea is not a serious problem and does not pose any harmful impact on them. However, sometimes it can be a serious problem in children as their little bodies may have to suffer from diarrhea more heavily and for a longer time. Anyone who has children should pay attention to these symptoms and pay a visit to their doctor right away especially when they see some of these symptoms:
- There is pus or blood in slots
- Children have symptoms of dehydration
- Their stools look tarry and black
- They have serious abdominal and rectal pain
- Diarrhea lasts more than 3 days.
The Reasons Lead To Diarrhea
In most cases, the diarrhea is an osmotic condition and it also is an infectious disease. Bacterial and amoebic are ones of categories of infectious diarrhea in which, the gastrointestinal absorption process is disrupted and water is produced into the bowel by viruses. The impossibility of breaking down gastrointestinal tract and absorbing ingested food results in osmotic diarrhea. In the cases above, in the digestive system, the digested food and fluids pass too quickly; as a consequence, nutrients in foods are not absorbed, waste of products after being digested are not coalesced; this causes loose and watery stools. Bacterial and osmotic conditions are caused due to a lot of factors.
There are a lot of causes of bacterial infection, and they are involved in:
- Parasites: they are caused by Cryptosporidium, Giardia lamblia, and Entamoeba histolytica
- Infections through viruses as herpes simplex, Norwalk virus, viral hepatitis, rotavirus, cytomegalovirus…
- Bacteria that is spread by viruses as Shigella, Salmonella, E.coli, and Campylobacter…
On the other hand, Osmotic is caused by these factors:
- IBD, IBS, and celiac diseases known as digestive disorders.
- People who are using drug, medication, for example, antibiotics, antacids, and blood pressure medications are likely to face with the infectious diseases.
- Therapy with a high dose.
- Specific compound in foods is intolerable
How to Treat Diarrhea?
In many common cases, after about three days, patients will recover from Diarrhea, especially due to an infection. The time of diarrhea lasts is different between children and adults. For the adult, it often lasts for two or four days and in some more serious cases, it lasts more than two weeks. However, for children, it lasts longer, within five days or a week and even more than a week.
If you have diarrhea, you have to experience some symptoms as referred above and how to treat it well in order to avoid becoming more serious.
There is no doubt that when you have diarrhea, especially, when you are vomiting, you will be easily dehydrated and it is essential to drink more water than usual. In order to avoid being dehydrated, people should drink water more frequently. For people who have diarrhea, it is a good idea to drink water that contains a moderate dose of sugar and salt to remain the body’s water component. For instance, people can try consuming soup along with juice. If you take an enough amount of water for your body, your digestion will become healthy and your urine will have light yellow color.
For babies and children, it is even more crucial to prevent them from being dehydrated. Therefore, parents should give them water, even when they are vomiting. However, they should not drink fruit juice such as orange juice, apple juice, or fizzy drinks as these kinds of foods will make the disease worse. In case you are a mother and you are feeding your baby by breastfeeding or bottle feeding, you should continue to feed them as usual. However, when the symptoms get worse, you must contact your health care provider as soon as possible to control the situation on time.
The Solutions for the Oral Rehydration:
You may be suggested to take oral rehydration solution (ORS) for avoiding dehydration. It can help to cure dehydration effectively. In local pharmacies, there are medical sachets which can help to cure rehydration without prescriptions. This chemical will be dissolved in water and can replace salt as well as some minerals that their deficiencies can cause dehydration.
When your children are dehydrated, they would be recommended to take an ORS by every GP or pharmacist. Every time children have symptoms of diarrhea, they can drink an ORS, and the amount of this drug depends on height and weight of your children. It is better to have your pharmacists decide the dose.
Avoid Being Dehydrated By Eating
The suitable dose and proper time for eating to treat diarrhea are still debated. In many cases, pharmacists advise that it is better to eat solid foods if you can. You can also eat small meals and keep away from fatty and spicy foods. Recommended foods are healthy boiled vegetables, rice, soup, and potatoes. The best recommendation is salty food. If you do not want to eat these foods, you do not need to eat. However, you should drink water or fruit juices as much as possible.
Children who are dehydrated should drink enough water before eating any solid food. When there is not any sign of being dehydrated, children can come back to their usual diet. If children do not want to consume healthy foods, then parents should give them water till they get their appetite back.
Diarrhea’s period of time and its seriousness can be shortened and reduced by Antidiarrheal medicines but sometimes it is not necessary.
Lope amide is proven to be effective and have a few detrimental effects that are the major antidiarrheal medicine. It can limit watery stools as it helps to reduce muscle movements in your gut, making your slots firmer and passed lesser.
Racecadotril is another kind of antidiarrheal medicine which can replace to lope amide. This kind of medicine makes the small intestine limit the amount of water inside it. The effectiveness is equal to lope amide, and you can buy it from a pharmacy with ease. Therefore, remember to read thoroughly to know which amount of medicine is right for you, especially for your kids. In case you do not understand something, you should consult your pharmacist.
In case your diarrhea is more serious as there is blood or mucus in your stools, avoid taking any antidiarrheal medicine, and you should ask your doctor first for advice before using any type of medication.
For some children, you should not give them antidiarrheal medicines. When Racecadotril is combined with oral rehydration, it can be applied more than three months.
Although painkiller could not treat diarrhea, paracetamol or ibuprofen which are included in painkillers can help to solve the question “how to treat diarrhea?” If your children get difficult in drinking medicine, then you can mix them with water.
Take notice to caution for each type of medicine; therefore, you should ask your doctor initially. One more thing, those under 16 are not allowed to take it.
There are some cautions shown below for using antibiotics to treat diarrhea people need to be aware of:
- Antibiotics could have some detrimental issues
- If they are used in rush hours, antibiotic will be less effective
- For cases of diarrhea caused by a virus, it would be not efficient
If you are having diarrhea and suffering from a particular effect of bacteria, it is suggested to take some medicines. However, you should notice to take and analyze some reasons.
How to Use the Hospital Treatments:
When you or your children are dehydrated seriously, it would be reported to get some serious problems. It is necessary to have a nutritionist or pharmacist to consult your problems. The treatment methods would consist of both nutrients and control fluids.
Treating the underlying cause
If you are in risks of having diarrhea, those treatments illustrated below may help to make your symptoms become better.
- Irritable bowel syndromes could be treated by positively changing your diet and the use of some medications, such as IBS.
- Removing gluten to your diet as coeliac will be treated by replacing foods
- There are a lot of medications for limiting the inflammation in the bowel in cases the inflammatory bowel disease.
- The buildup inside your digestive system could be treated with some medications.
How to Treat Diarrhea – Probiotics Help
Yogurts and foods contain probiotic supplementing are very high in probiotics. It is proved that a specific type of probiotics could limit the time of having diarrhea. However, there are not many suggestions for consulting. After taking antibiotics, you could limit your own opportunity of increasing level of diarrhea.
The tips and treatments exposed in this article are very easy to follow so that people will be able to implement them at home without making any mistake. If you have any question, do not hesitate to leave them below.
Huyen My – Writer and Blogger, who has over 5 years of experience in Beauty & Skin Care industry. I work for VKool.com and AllRemedies.com – reliable resources assisting people to resolve their health and life issues, as a content coordinator for categories including Health & Beauty. I also focus on fitness, women’s issues, relationship, and lifestyle. Find more of my articles on Facebook or Pinterest