Fungal Infections: Symptoms, Types, and Treatment

Fungal Infections

Disease and infections are ranged in mild to severe conditions. Some of them are common, while some are rare enough that cures are still studied and not yet invented.

One of the common infections throughout much of the natural world is fungal infections. In humans, a fungal infection happens when there is an invading fungus taking over a specific area of an individual’s body, which happens to be too much for a person’s immune system to handle.

Now, if you are wondering if it is the fungus that we are familiar with in the environment, then yes. It is the same fungus but different in physical form since fungi can live in the air, plants, soil, and water. While there are also some fungi that naturally lives in the human body.

Like the microbes that have a good and bad side, fungi are also categorized into helpful and harmful fungi. For the harmful fungi, it can be difficult to kill since they can survive in the environment which can re-infect the recovering person.

In this article, fungi infections will be discussed to help you familiarized the different types of fungal infections with their symptoms. Added with its treatment options for the common types.

About Fungal Infections

Mycoses, or commonly known as fungal infections, is the invasion of the tissues by one or more species of fungi. Fungal infection is ranged from localized skin conditions to deeper tissue infection to serious blood (septicemia), lung, or systemic diseases.

If other infections are pathogenic, fungi infection are both opportunistic and pathogenic, which causes disease whether an individual’s immune system is healthy or not.

Approximately, there are more than 1.5 million fungi species in the environment, but there are only around 300 species that cause human disease. Out of these 300, only about 20 to 25 species commonly cause infection.

Why Does Fungal Infection Happen?

Fungal infections likely happen to an individual who was exposed to a source of fungi like spores on surfaces, soil, bird droppings, or in the air. The infection usually develops because of a break or deficiency in the immune system’s defenses or, perhaps the infected person provided the right environment for it to grow.

Know that anyone can develop a fungal infection, but there is a specific population that is in high risk of fungal infections and its recurrence. These include an organ transplant recipient, individuals that are affected by HIV/AIDS. And those who are on chemotherapy or those who have their immune system suppressed.

Additionally, those individuals that have underlying conditions can also be at risk of fungal infection such as those with diabetes or any lung disease.

Common Types of Fungal Infections

The following conditions are the common types of fungal infections which are developed through certain areas of an individual’s body.

Athlete’s Foot

Well, certainly everyone has heard or even experienced this type of fungal infection, right? Since it is one of the common skin infections that affect the foot.

This type of fungal infection is commonly associated with the individuals that are into sports or are athletes since the fungus grows in the environment that what athletes can provide— warm and moist environment. Factors of it can be due to the socks, shoes, sports equipment, or locker rooms.

However, if you think that only the athletes can have this infection, then you got it all wrong. Since in reality, this can affect anyone and is actually common in warmer climates or during summer months.

How to Treat Athlete’s Foot?

Do not immediately jump to the conclusion of having an athlete’s foot if your feet are feeling all itchy. Doctors usually diagnose this infection through scraping scaling skin off of the feet and inspect it under a microscope for any evidence of fungus.

So, how do you to treat athlete’s foot? Typically, this fungal infection is often treated with topical ointments that are available to purchase over-the-counter in local pharmacies. However, if the infection is severe, then it might require additional oral medications.

Yeast Infection

The vaginal yeast infection is common in women due to Candida overgrowth that is usually caused by Candida albicans.

The said cause disrupts the healthy balance of the vagina’s bacteria and yeast. Imbalance usually happens due to factors like stress, antibiotics, hormone imbalances, and poor eating habits. Also, it can be caused by fungal toenail infections or diaper rash.

How to Treat Yeast Infection?

After the doctor’s diagnosis, the yeast treatment infection depends on its severity. Standard treatments include some creams, tablets or suppositories which are all available through prescriptions. Medications like caspofungin can help if it’s severe and can be purchased with a caspofungin coupon at any local pharmacies in your area.

For this type of infection, remember that in some cases, rashes may develop over time. And lastly, you need to treat it immediately since the symptoms may become severe and dangerous if left untreated.

Jock Itch Infection

Another one and common skin fungal infection, jock itch affects the areas like groin, buttocks, and inner thighs. Which means that this fungus develops in a warm and damp environment and thrives in moist areas of the body.

The important thing that you need to know about this type of fungal infection is that it is mildly contagious and can be spread through direct contact with an infected individual or an object that is carrying the fungi.

How to Treat Jock Itch?

To treat jock itch after the doctor’s diagnosis, the medical healthcare professional might give you topical anti-fungal ointments and advice you on having proper hygiene. You really do not need to worry about this infection since jock itch is often improved by over-the-counter medicines, although there are also some medications that require a prescription.


The type of fungal infections is just one of the many infections that individuals can have, but the discussed infection are those that are commonly experienced by many.

Now, some superficial fungal infections can be resolved on their own, without doing much of an action. However, there are also those severe infections that require immediate medical attention and needs to be treated for an extended period.

With this said, you should not brush off any fungal infection since that is where every severe infection and diseases begin. So, if you are experiencing any signs, then you might as well go to your doctor for a checkup.

Author Bio:

Kelly Jensen is a freelance creative writer who collaborates with various healthy lifestyle enthusiasts to share her experiences through the written word. She especially loves writing about health and the various ways to become healthy and how to save money at the same time using coupons like caspofungin coupon and many more.