Medical emergency can strike at any time and while you wait for medical help from 911 or 911 Industrial Response Inc to arrive for a loved one in danger, you can administer some basic first aid yourself. The following is the essential guide to administering basic first aid.
Basic First Aid Kit
Every home and workplace must have a basic first aid kit consisting of the following things
- Hot and cold packs
- Calamine cream
- Band aids and bandages of different sizes;
- Safety pins
- Closures for bandages
- Cotton balls
- Throat lozenge
- Sharp scissors
- Gauze pads
- Cough suppressant
- Antihistamine cream and tablets
- Antiseptic spray and cream
- Antibiotic cream
- Hydrogen Peroxide
What To Do When Patient Is Bleeding
A gauze or towel should be used for applying pressure until the bleeding stops. Minor cuts should be treated with hydrogen peroxide. For reducing any risk of infection, antibiotic cream should be applied on the area and it should be covered with a band aid.
What To Do For Burns
A compress can be used for small burns. If blistering is evident, medical professional should be sought immediately. Temporary relief can be obtained with the help of antiseptic spray.
What To Do In Case of Sprains
For reducing swelling in the area, ice or a cold compress should be applied immediately. Legs and arms should be elevated to help with the swelling while medical professional arrives.
How to Treat Stings and Bites
After applying cold compress or ice on the area, the stinger should be removed. Antihistamine cream must be applied on the area and Benadryl should be given to the patient. The location should be elevated.
How to Treat Rashes and Poison Plants
Gloves should be worn while washing the area of contact properly. After that, hydrocortisone or antihistamine should be applied. Benadryl should be administered by mouth. Medical help should be sought if situation worsens.
What To Do In Case of Vomiting
Every 5 to 10 minutes, the patient should be given tea, crushed ice or ginger ale. Nausea can be reduced by Emetrol. As situation gets better, a little food like clear soup, rice, fruit, toast and crackers can be consumed by the patient. Fatty foods should be avoided. If fever follows, a medical professional should be contacted.
How to Treat Diarrhea
Anti-diuretics available OTC are usually helpful for diarrhea. Only liquids should be consumed for some time. To combat dehydration, water and other liquids should be consumed by the patient. Until condition improves, only bland food should be eaten and the patient should stay away from vegetables, complex foods and fatty foods.
How to Treat Colds
Fluid consumption such as water should be increased and OTC cold medicine should be consumed. Throat lozenge can be effective for sore throat. Other options include drinking hot liquids like tea.
Basic first aid and acting in a timely manner has been known to save people’s lives. Thus, this is knowledge that everyone must have.