Crohn’s Disease: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

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Crohn’s disease is a condition where the bowls become inflamed. This inflammation can lead to pain in the abdominal area which can cause severe diarrhea, a feeling of fatigue, weight loss, and a person may become deficient in their nutrients. Some people can have additional issues in their digestive system based on their symptoms.

The inflammation that was is caused by Crohn’s disease can be very painful. The deeper layers of the bowel tissues become infected and inflamed. There is no cure for this disease but a doctor can help a person manage their symptom and the pain that they are feeling. People with Crohn’s disease will be able to function and will get able to get their symptoms under control.

Symptoms of Crohn’s Disease

Crohn’s Disease

Some people will only experience some symptoms while others may experience mild side effects. Some people will only see the symptoms in their small intestines while others may have an infected colon as well as the large intestines. The symptoms are mild for some people and they are severe in others. Some of the symptoms may come without warning and may affect a person suddenly. There are other time periods when a person may not experience any symptoms at all.

There are some common symptoms that a person may experiences. A person may experience diarrhea, a fever, they may have a feeling of fatigue, there is abdominal pain as well as cramps, a person may have bloody stool, and they may have pain around the anus due to inflammation. Besides these symptoms a person may also notice that their eyes or their joints are becoming inflamed and they may have other skin conditions.

When to See a Doctor?

A person should see a doctor if there are changes in their bowel movements or if they feel a lot of pain in their abdomen. If a person sees blood in their stool they should also visit a doctor. If a person is experiencing diarrhea that lasts for over two days they should call their doctor. Unexplained weight loss can also be another reason to seek medical attention.

Causes of Crohn’s Disease

The exact cause of Crohn’s disease is not known. Doctors say that high-stress levels and a poor diet can make the symptoms of Crohn’s worse. If a person has a weakened immune system that is not able to fight off germs and bacteria. If the immune system is not working to its full potential then it can lead to some health issues. Some people can also blame their heredity for Crohn’s disease. if they have family members that have this condition they are more likely to get it. Not everyone that has Crohn’s disease can blame it on their family members.

Risk Factors

There are some things that will put a person at an increased risk for Crohn’s. while a person can be affected by this disease at any age many people will stay to experience symptoms while they are young. The majority of people with Crohn’s disease will have this condition diagnosed by the doctor by the time they are 30 years old.

Ethnicity

People that are of European and Jewish origins have a great risk for developing this disease. It is also starting to show up in African Americans and other ethnic groups that live in North America.

Smoking

Cigarette smoking puts a person at high risk for Crohn’s disease. Smoking is the number one risk factor for this condition and it is something that can easily be controlled for.

Possible Complications

If Crohn’s disease is left untreated then there may be some more serious complications that may happen.

Bowel Obstructions

This disease will affect the intestinal wall and its thickness. Over time the walls may become scared and can block the flow of stool when it goes to leave the body. A portion of the bowel may need to be removed surgically.

Ulcers

Chronic inflammation can lead to open sores in the digestive tract which are known as ulcers. They can even affect other regions such as the mouth, anus, and the genital area.

Fistulas

This is when the ulcers will affect the walls of the intestines. They can also form between the intestines and the skin. If they develop in a certain area they can drain the content of the bowls onto the skin. This can lead to abscesses and infections. If not treated they can become very dangerous.

Cancers

In some cases, cancers may develop including colon cancer. The older a person is the greater the risk they will be at developing cancer.

Treatments

While there is no cure for Crohn’s disease there are some things that can be done to reduce the symptom and the side effect. This will allow a person to continue on with their lives and not have to worry if there is a bathroom that is close by.

Medications

Often people will be given Corticosteroids or other medication that is used to reduce inflammation. A person may also be given a disease that will help the immune system to stop the inflammation. These medications may change the way that the immune system functions and will allow a person to continue on with their life. Sometimes antibiotics are used to help treat bacterial infections and balance the levels of bacteria that are found in the intestines.

Other Helpful Treatments

If a person has diarrhea they can use over the counter medication to help them with this issue. It is important to replace any lost fluids to help keep the body hydrated and fight off dehydration. There are also some supplements that can be recommended by the doctor to help the body absorb foods and other things properly.

Crohn’s disease can be a painful and unpleasant condition. If a person is a way from the risk factors for this disease they can reduce the pain and discomfort that they are in. There are ways that a person can manage their symptoms so they no longer have to be in pain.

This article is for educative purposes only and not to be substituted for professional medical advice.

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