8 Reasons You Have Bleeding Gums and What to Do About It

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Recently, you’ve found that you’ve been spitting blood whenever you brush. Although you don’t experience any pain, you feel worried that it might be something serious. Well it can be.  Bleeding gums are signs that something may be wrong with your mouth. If you brush your hair and your scalp bleeds you would probably freak out right? It is alarming how a lot of people disregard conditions affecting their mouth. Here are some of the many reasons your gums may be bleeding.

Gum Disease

Gum DiseaseOne of the causes of bleeding gums is gum disease. Gum disease, also called periodontal disease is a condition characterized by swollen, bleeding gums that affect lymph nodes and various parts of the neck. It is actually caused by bacterial infection in your mouth. If not treated, gum disease can destroy your gums, jawbone and teeth.

Poor Diet

Poor DietIf you’re everyday diet consists of sweets, processed or fast food – then you’re signing up for an early development of gum disease. Dentists always tell their patients take care of their teeth, but what they actually mean is teeth, gums, throat and overall mouth. To prevent gum bleeding because of poor diet, practice a healthful diet consisting of fruits and vegetables.

Cigarette Smoking

Cigarette SmokingSmoking, one of the leading causes of gingivitis, is also one of the culprits for bleeding gums. When you smoke you leave toxins in your teeth that can cause aggravation and bleeding to your gums in the long run. Aside from gum bleeding, smoking can also cause premature tooth loss and bad breath.  Stay away from smoking, and your gums will thank you.

Hormonal Changes

Hormonal ChangesFemales have a higher risk of getting bleeding gums because of their hormonal changes during pregnancy and menstruation. Increases in the hormone progesterone affect not only their blood supply but also their gum tissues. During this time, pregnant women experience red swollen gums, canker sores and bleeding in their gum area.

You Are Using Alcohol Based Mouthwashes

MouthwashesAlthough mouthwashes are good for your mouth bacteria, some mouthwashes have substances that can lead to swollen gums. Before buying a mouthwash make sure it fits your oral health, choose mouthwashes that are anti-plaque and alcohol free.


StressWhen you are stressed your body will produce a hormone called cortisol that can negatively affect your gums. Stress can also make you neglect your body, skipping proper oral hygiene like brushing and flossing.

Brushing Too Hard

Brushing Too HardBrushing too hard or flossing the wrong way can make you gum swell and bleed. Brushing shouldn’t be more than two minutes, and should focus on the teeth and the crevices of your gums. When you brush, make gentle strokes to the front and back of your teeth, to the crowns and your molars. Dentists recommend brushing by quadrants, taking 30 minutes each quadrant of your mouth.

You’re Taking MedicationsMedications

Some medicines have side effects that affect our gum health. These medicines often cause taste-alteration, tissue reactions and abnormal bleeding in your gums. Often referred as “gingival overgrowth”, this medicine-caused condition can leave your gums swollen and in some rare case might grow over your teeth. This will lead to mouth infection and bacterial growth since bacteria grow well in environments where there are swollen gum tissues. To know more about your bleeding gums consider visiting your local dentist for complete oral exams, and proper information on how to handle your gum health.

This article is for educative purposes only and not to be substituted for professional medical advice.


  1. Gum disease or gingivitis is the number one reason for bleeding gums. One could also have a vitamin c deficiency, however the primary reason for bleeding gum tissue is periodontal disease. You may not even know that you have this as that may be the only symptom that you notice, which is indicative of a deeper problem.

    Sometimes it is a sign of a deeper problem, including platelet abnormalities and leukemia.

    Symptoms of periodontal disease though include both gum bleeding and bad breath.

    Have a thorough dental evaluation. Brush and floss most regularly. Also use periodontal rinses such as ACT. Get professional dental cleanings twice a year. This is very important to overall health. If your dental exam is negative, and bleeding continues even periodically, see a physician.

    Gum disease also can contribute to the health and function of other body systems.


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